2020 Final Full Moon: The “cold moon” peaks all over the world tonight and appears in the sky for more than 15 hours
- The last full moon of 2020 will peak Tuesday evening around the world
- It is called the “cold moon” because it appears when winter begins
- The full moon will rise at 4:19 PM ET and peak with illumination at 10:30 PM ET.
- This full moon is also called “Long Night Moon” or “Moon Before Yule”
Space is giving Earth one final gift this year – the 2020 Final Full Moon.
A “cold moon” will appear from the northeastern sky at 4:19 PM ET (9:19 PM GMT), with peak illumination at 10:30 PM ET (3:30 AM GMT) Tuesday evening.
The nickname comes from the Native American Mohawk and indicates cooler temperatures in December which means winter has come.
The moon will be in the sky for more than 15 hours from Tuesday evening to Wednesday morning, making it the longest moon of the year.
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A “cold moon” will appear from the northeastern sky at 4:19 PM ET (9:19 PM GMT), with peak illumination at 10:30 PM ET (3:30 AM GMT) Tuesday evening. Pictured is a full moon in St. Petersburg, Russia
Gordon Johnston from NASA wrote recently Blog post: “This year’s moonlight will interfere with the annual quadruple meteor shower show, which is expected to be active from December 28, 2020 to January 12, 2021, and peak on the morning of January 3, 2021.”
The last full moon of the year has a variety of names, depending on your location.
It is sometimes referred to as the full night moon, which indicates that “ a midwinter night is really long, and because the moon is above the horizon for so long, ” according to Farmer calendar.
“A full moon in the middle of winter has a high path across the sky because it is opposite the low sun.”
The nickname comes from the Native American Mohawk and indicates cooler temperatures in December which means winter has come. Pictured is a full moon hanging over Maryland
Another nickname comes for the European pagans who named it the Moon before Christmas.
This full moon was a celebration of the winter solstice that marked the beginning of winter.
In the Southern Hemisphere, where the seasons are turning, December’s full moon is often called the strawberry moon, honey moon, or flower moon.
Johnston notes that it could also be called Chang’e Moon, after three successful Chinese lunar landers launched around this time of year.
“ These missions got their name from the Chinese moon goddess, Zhang, who lived on the moon with her pet rabbit, Yuto, ” Johnston wrote.
“The Chang’e 3 lander and its Yutu rover were launched on December 1 and landed on the surface of the Moon on December 14, 2013.”
The moon will be in the sky for more than 15 hours from Tuesday evening to Wednesday morning, making it the longest moon of the year. The moon sets behind a hill on the morning of December 29 in Chile
Pictured is an image from NASA that shows what the moon will look like on the evening of December 29
The Chang’e 4 landing craft and its Yutu-2 rover launched on December 7, 2018 and landed on January 3, 2019. ‘
The Moon Chang’e 5 re-sample mission was launched on November 23 (UTC, November 24 in the Chinese time zone) and returned its samples to Earth on December 16, 2020, the first lunar sample returning to humanity since 1976.
The full moon will appear until Thursday morning and the next time the full moon appears on January 28th, which is called “wolf full moon.”
Scientists do not agree on how the moon was formed, but many believe that it was the result of an effect between Earth and another planet
Many researchers believe that the moon formed after Earth hit the size of Mars billions of years ago.
This is called the giant impact hypothesis.
The theory proposes that the moon was composed of debris left by a collision between our planet and an object about 4.5 billion years ago.
The colliding body is sometimes called Theia, after the legendary Greek Titan who was the mother of Selene, the moon goddess.
Many researchers believe that the moon formed after Earth hit the size of Mars billions of years ago. This is called the giant impact hypothesis
But one mystery remained, revealed by the rocks brought by the Apollo astronauts from the moon: Why are the moon and earth similar in composition?
Several different theories have emerged over the years to explain the similar fingerprints of the Earth and the Moon.
The collision may have created a huge cloud of debris that completely mixed with the Earth and subsequently condensed to form the moon.
Or, Thea may, coincidentally, be chemically similar to young Earth.
The third possibility is that the moon was formed from earthly materials, not from Theia, although this may have been an unusual kind of effect.